War and Reconciliation

Francis and the Sultan - 5th Crusade

MEETING IN THE FIFTH CRUSADE One of the earliest instances of CHRISTIAN-MUSLIM dialogue was between Francis and the Egyptian Sultan during the 5th crusade. ....

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A last/lost chance to prevent Blizkrieg

US aircraft carrier 1935...British tank 1930 In 1932 a last chance was offered to ban the very weapons that would later constitute Blizkrieg. Ironically, the future Axis nations, Germany and Japan, argued for a ban on certain offensive weapon systems. The Allies-to-be lobbyed for retaining the possibility of developing tank and aircraft carrier, the very weapon systems which were to be so disastrous to them. The failure of this last attempt at banning offensive weapons was a factor in the rise to power of Hitler. Read More ....

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Dutch-Indonesian War in Palembang

PALEMBANG REVISITED This article is in honor of all who died in the 1947 Palembang war of five days and five nights, on the Dutch side, a few, and on the Indonesian side, too many. It was written after I visited my Pladjoe/Palembang, 65 years after I was born there. ....

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The Sultan of Yogyakarta

The sultan of Yogyakarta played an important part in the Indonesian liberation movement. The government of Indonesia escaped to Yogya when the capital Batavia/Jakarata became too dangerous for them. In December 1948 Dutch Troops captured the city of Yogyakarta and took the Indonesian leaders Sukarno and Hatta, prisoner, expelling them to an Island off the Sumatran coast. Their imprisonment was to last untill May 1949. On 19th December 1949 the Sultan openen his palace for the newly established Universitas Gadjah Mada, modeled on the University of Leiden established after the liberation of Leiden in the 16th century. The Sultan had studied at Leiden University. He went to school in my home town of Haarlem. Guest author Berend ter Borg, a former student of the same Haarlem gymnasium, gives his story of what the Sultan might have experienced. ....

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